Defense Housing 1941
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Topics of conversation include post-war planning, emergency building needs, and domestic English politics. I-II, J [This folder and the following four folders contain exhibits- maps, illustrations, pamphlets, and others- to Palmer's report on housing conditions in Great Britain, submitted to the President in Robert W.
Defense Housing 1 of 2 : Assorted materials collected between and , mostly dealing with the administrative aspects of defense housing. Defense Housing-Disposition: Material collected during the s discussing the geographical distribution of war-time housing. Defense Housing-Finance 2 of 3 : An approypriation request and lists of projects funded through defense housing grants, Defense Housing-Government Agencies: Miscellaneous material relating to the function and organization of Defense Housing agencies, Defense Housing-History: A brief summary of defense housing achievements between and Defense Housing-History-Executive Orders 40 and Correspondence, program outlines, copies of executive orders, and random notes revealing the scope of activities falling under the jurisdiction of Defense Housing Coordinator, Defense Housing-History-National Defense of Advisory Commission-December, 19, Bulk of the material includes copies of a memorandum sent by Palmer to members of the National Defense Advisory Commission, outlining the methods to be used in certifying projects for Defense Housing funds.
Defense Housing-History-U. Defense Housing-Insurance: Transcripts of congressional hearings and copies of legislation during on the allocation of insurance for defense housing. Defense Housing-Investigation-Laws and Legislation, Press statements and memoranda pertaining to a congressional investigation of Defense Housing projects in Defense Housing-Laws and Legislation-Appropriations: Transcripts of congressional hearings and copies of legislation concerning appropriations during for the Division of Defense Housing Coordination.
Defense Housing-Laws and Legislation-U. Defense Housing-Laws and Legislation-Proposed-United States 1 of 2 : Transcripts of congressional bearings on proposed defense housing legislation during Defense Housing-Needs: Brief reports prepared during and , proposing a tentative budget for the Division of Defense Housing Coordination. Defense Housing-Plumbing: A report on plumbing standards for defense housing. Defense Housing-Priorities: Undated transcript of a press conference with Palmer concerning defense housing programs.
Defense Housing-Projects 1 of 2 : Two booklets, both prepared in , providing a data profile of selected defense housing projects. Defense Housing-Projects 2 of 2 : Undated notebook summarizing the projects undertaken by the Division of Defense Housing Coordination. Defense Housing-Speeches: Addresses delivered by various individuals in and on the subject of housing. Defense Housing-Speeches-Palmer-January. Defense Housing-Standards: A summary of building standards for defense housing.
Defense Housing-Types of Housing-Trailers: Correspondence and pamphlets dating from the early s about trailers and their use for emergency war housing. Defense Housing-U.
Defense Housing-Laws and Legislation-Executive Orders 1 of 2 : A notebook containing references to and explanations of defense housing law. Defense Housing Digest: A digest of laws and regulations pertaining to defense housing, prepared in by the National Association of Housing Officials. Richard Allen Homes-Philadelphia: Correspondence and memoranda during concerning tenant selection for the Richard Allen homes.
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Institutional Investors Plan: Undated proposal to fund the construction of housing units with the aid of private investors and FHA financing. CIO-Camden Plan Files: Correspondence during about a plan to build defense housing for middle-income laborers, who would be allowed to purchase the structures at a later date. Louis H. Windholz, a co-receiver of the Norfolk Southern railroad, was named chairman. Norfolk fell in step with the rest of the country by building housing for the military; there was simply no adequate housing available for the defense workers and military personnel pouring into the city.
The first group of 20 families moved in April 1, The condition of the allocation was that 10 percent of the project costs would be provided by the Norfolk Housing Authority. The USHA would cover 90 percent. Young, editor and publisher of the Journal and Guide, J. Eugene Diggs, an attorney, and Dr. Richard R. Bowling, a pastor, to serve on an advisory committee. Its members helped set policies governing Authority operations, named housing projects, and supported zoning changes. A primary responsibility was to identify sites for public housing that would replace dilapidated slum dwellings.
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Executive Director George H. Lewis was compelled to resign April 1, because of illness. James E. Etheridge had succeeded Lewis on September 5, , as commissioner.
History of NRHA | Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority (NRHA)
Named to replace Lewis as executive director was Norfolk native Lawrence M. Cox had been acting executive director since December while Lewis was on leave of absence. Before joining the Authority as assistant executive director, Cox had been employed by the U. Housing Authority and its predecessor, the Public Works Administration Housing Division, since the inception of the public housing program in In , Lewis died.
Thomas H. Wilcox succeeded Windholz as a commissioner.
Defense Housing: 1942
Charles L. Wiley Grandy was elected vice-chairman.
The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, , placed additional priority on the construction of more defense housing at the expense of eliminating slums. Notwithstanding the opening of the units of housing at Merrimack Park in , the housing shortage for defense workers was critical. The steady influx of defense workers and military personnel continued through the early s. Construction began in July on a unit defense housing project, Oakleaf Park, and the first families moved into the Campostella Road project on January 2, Later, Oakleaf Park would be used to house families displaced by slum clearance projects.
Earlier, on May 13, , City Council had approved a cooperation agreement with the Authority for the construction of housing for low-income families displaced by slum clearance. Construction began in February , but when the defense needs for housing increased, Roberts Park was shifted to a war housing project and occupied by defense workers and their families. A temporary housing project for families was built in adjacent to Roberts Park. Another temporary project, Commonwealth Apartments, was built for families at Colley Avenue and 25th Street.
Both were war housing. A third temporary project, Carney Park, housed an additional families. It was built in and located in Titustown. After the war, Roberts Park reverted to being used as housing for families relocated from blighted housing. During the World War II years, the Authority stepped up its role in housing to supply an additional 3, dwelling units at Merrimack Park, Oakleaf Park, and Roberts Park, 1, temporary dwellings, single dormitory rooms, and trailers at Lewis Park.
Before the “Triple Bottom Line”: New Deal Defense Housing as Proto-sustainability
By , the percentage of dwelling units with no private bath or that were dilapidated had dropped to Toward the end of , the Authority announced a postwar slum-clearance building program. The program would provide housing for both white and black families. As the federal law then required eliminating one substandard dwelling for each public-housing unit built, the congested housing conditions existing in Norfolk presented difficult problems to overcome. That same year, debate began in Congress to remove the restriction that cleared slum areas could be used only for public housing.
On November 14, , legislation was introduced in the U. Senate to expand the public housing program and establish a five-year program for urban redevelopment. The legislation became known as the Wagner-Ellender-Taft bill. Anticipating that the federal law would be amended to remove the restriction to require public housing reuse, NRHA executive director Lawrence Cox made a request of the Virginia General Assembly.
He asked that it pass an enabling act to permit Virginia localities to benefit from the Wagner-Ellender-Taft bill pending before the Congress. Under the proposed federal bill, housing authorities, where states pass enabling legislation, would be empowered to acquire, clear, and make available to private enterprise blighted areas for redevelopment. Examples of public use included jails, city halls, fire stations, and schools. As a result, NRHA began moving from its war mission into a broad program of urban development. In the case of Hunter v.
By , NRHA was ready to assume the role for which it was created: builder and operator of housing for low-income families. In addition, a new function was added to its mission: purchasing blighted areas for resale to private developers. This emphasis on revitalization was strengthened in by a change in the Norfolk city leadership. A three-man business-minded Councilmanic ticket came to power. This new City Council set a tone that was to continue for many years.
Cooke, a lawyer who had been chairman of the United War Fund for two years; Pretlow Darden, an automobile dealer; and John Twohy II, head of a sand and gravel business. In September, the new members took their council seats and Cooke was elected mayor. The businessmen were eager to initiate sound principles of management into city government and to implement the powers brought with the Virginia Redevelopment Law.
But first, a city manager had to be appointed because in December , Charles B.