Partners and Crime

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So what role does clustering play in finding partners to commit crimes? They developed a clever research strategy to better identify the relative role of geographic proximity in youth criminal partnerships. They posit that there are two main places where young people interact frequently and develop tight bonds: their school and their neighborhood.

It compares students who live in the same neighborhood within one kilometer but are on different sides of a school boundary, and thus attend different high schools.


The study matched data from county-level crime records to the demographic data from schools and tracked crimes committed by students ages 21 and under. The study confirms the powerful role of neighborhood effects on criminal partnerships. In the study area, more than a quarter 28 percent of crimes committed by people between the ages of 16 and 21 are committed in teams. These youth are much more likely to team up to commit crimes if they were former classmates. School segregation can often group disadvantaged youth together, creating an environment which may drive such crime.

The chart above illustrates the basic pattern, comparing crimes committed by students in the same or different schools by distance from where they live. For students from different schools the red dashed line , the probability of partnership is extremely low, no matter how close they live to one another. Distance has no effect on the chances of criminal partnership.

Compare that to students in the same grade and school: The blue line starts off at the very top left of the chart indicating a high probability of partnership and then declines as distance spreads the students further apart. Two young people who live in the same neighborhood within one kilometer are six times more likely to be arrested together if they go to the same school as opposed to different schools.

Traditional structures

But if youth of the same school live more than one kilometer apart, the probability of criminal partnership drastically drops. After that, there is very little difference between youth of the same versus different schools. So-called peer effects also play a role, the study finds: Young people of the same age, same race, and same gender are much more likely to partner together.

These patterns are most pronounced for repeat offenders or students with low test scores, more absences, and more suspensions, according to the study. All of these effects are magnified when young peers live close to one another and interact at school.

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Criminal activity requires a high degree of trust, face-to-face interactions, and deep personal relationships that stem from physical proximity. The work will include 9. Although they started planning this project in — spending two years exploring the Rocky Mountains in order to find the most appropriate spot — it was only in that the US Department of the Interior granted permission after a tempestuous legal battle.

Jeanne-Claude sadly passed away in at age 74, but Christo is resolutely carrying the project forward, having announced that it will open to the public by Working alone might present a challenge for the artist.

Partners and Crime

While they usually conceived the projects together, Christo took care of the artistic aspect, realizing the preparatory work and the drawings. Strongly attached to their artistic freedom, the couple always refused external sponsorship and relied on self-financing. Perhaps the biggest challenge that Christo and Jeanne-Claude have faced was the struggle to have their wrappings recognized as works of art. While the idea is certainly original, many critics have argued that their projects are merely an industrial, repetitive process void of any intellectual significance.

Nevertheless, these visually arresting wrappings have all been widely visited and admired once revealed, and their monumental yet ephemeral beauty will likely be remembered for years to come.

Partners and Crime - New Mexico News Port

Save to Wishlist. Bulgarian-born Christo Javacheff and his wife Jeanne-Claude chose to pursue an artistic career away from sheltered museums, out in the wild. Controversy around their project Over the River in Colorado has put the spotlight back on their awe-inspiring, monumental projects.